Wood Buffalo National Park
I chose this topic because it seemed to me interesting to “travel” to such a world-famous national park as Wood-Buffalo. Who knows, it will be possible tovisit this wonderful place someday, but to learn at least from books about this famous nature reserve seems simply necessary and even quite interesting. For what purposes are safe places for animals to live? Everyone has long known that many species of animals and birds disappear from the face of theEarth. Who is to blame for this? Of course, man! Here and meaningless shooting of animals, here and bad ecology, created by man. And it turns out that it is a person called to do good that does evil, destroying the animal and plant world. The balance in nature is disturbed, disasters occur, causing terrible destruction, and the result is deplorable various types of animals and birds disappear. Many of them are listed in the Red Book. But still, fortunately, there are people who care about animals. They try to keep their rare appearance. They arrange for animals safe zones for living reserves.
That’s about thesereserves and will be discussed further. The nature of Canada is particularly interesting. The vast territory of this country, as well as the territory of Russia, includes landscape-geographical zones of the Arctic deserts and tundras, boreal and coniferous-deciduous forests, forest-steppes and steppes. In the westof the country, powerful chains of the Rocky Mountains stretch from north to south. Their lower belts are covered with dense mountain forests. In theextreme south there are peculiar mountain steppes and dry forest-steppe, on the tops dominate alpine meadows, mountain tundras, snows, glaciers. Despite the obvious similarity of the natural zones of the northern regions of the western and eastern hemispheres, Canada is very peculiar. Boreal forests here are distinguished by an abundance of hardwoods, penetration far to the north of many southern animals, with a simultaneous shift of the northern landscape complexes to the south. National Parks of Canada, where natural ecosystems retain their familiar appearance, allow us to more fully present the specifics of the northern zones of the American continent in comparison with our natural zones. Elk Island National Park is located near Edmonton, one of the major cities of Canada.
It is located in the forest-steppe, which stretches in a wide strip, framing the continental prairies of southern Canada from thenorth and west, and separates them from the boreal forests of the Mackenzie Basin and the Rocky Mountains. Canadians call it the area of “park aspen forests”, since the main breed here is the same aspen poplar, very similar to our aspen, but with a lighter bark. The forests of this poplar alternate with clearings, overgrown with tall grass, meadows and agricultural lands. Elk Island was created in 1906. The park area is small, only 20,000 hectares. Its territory is fenced with a net to prevent animals from leaving and unwanted meetings with people and livestock. Inside the pack, another area for bison is fenced in, since they are dangerous for visitors, and their behavior is sometimes difficult to predict.
Visiting this site is limited. In this park in general, excursions are permitted only when accompanied by park staff on strictly defined routes. In Elk Island you can meet coyotes cute miniature wolves, prowling on the edges at dusk, huge Canadian moose, black-tailed deer and, of course, steppe bison.