Canadian Parks Origin
Kootenay Reserve is located to the west of the Continental Divide, aside from Highway 93, between themountain peaks and The Rocky Canada Trench (rocky mountain basin), where the climate is milder. If the history of the emergence of Banff, Jasper and Yoho reserves is closely connected with the construction of the railway, then the Kootenay reserve was formed during the construction of a conventional road. The construction of the Kootenay road was conceived even before the First World War: according to plan, the fruits grown in the valley of the Columbia River were to be transported along this road to the northeast. However, both private companies and local governments ran out of funds for construction. Then the federal government assumed all costs, provided that the 8-km-wide land plots on both sides of the road would become a reserve. The discovery of the Kootenay reserve took place in 1920. The road goes up from the valley of the Bow River, in Castle Canada Junction. It offers a magnificent view of Mount Castle. 8 km from Castle Junction is Vermillion Pass (altitude 1650 m).
The border between the reserves of Banff and Kootenay and between the provinces of British Columbia and Alberta lies along it. The small river Tokkum Creek flows like a torrent from the valley to the dolomites and limestones. Blurring these rocks, it forms the Marble Canyon 610 m long. The water rich in silt polished the limestone so much that it began to resemble marble. The Kootenay Nature Reserve, 800 meters long, goes off Highway 93. There, about 19 km west canadian of Castle Junction, is a suspension bridge over the Vermillion River. On it you can get to a mysterious place, where mineral-rich springs, seeping up, created the Ocher layers, colored layers in clay. Paints Pots (Inkwells) are several bodies of water formed by the accumulation of minerals along their edges. The development of trade began with the Kuten Indians (after whom the reserve was named): they processed the so-called “red land” of this sacred place for them coloring matter, which was used to paint rocks, bodies and wigwams. After the Paints Pots, Highway 93 goes southeast canadian, down the valley of the Vermiillion Mountains Canada.
In the west, one of themost populartourist routes in the Rocky Mountains runs along the foot of the Rockwall Canada, a picturesque cliff with a height of 914 m. The crossing over the Vermillion River is easyto reach. There is an information center here. From here there is a beautiful view of the most picturesque mountain top of the reserve Mount Verendri (3086 m). At the foot of Mount Wardle, you can sometimes see a moose canadian, deer or mountain goat (this is a kind of symbol of the reserve). They come to salt licks. At the Kootenay Pass begins the valley of the Kootenay River. Kooteny Reserve RADIAN THERMAL SOURCES These waters, whose temperature reaches 40 C, come to the surface through a rift in the earth’s crust. At the turn of the century, various private firms tried to investigate sources, but their actions were not coordinated. But in 1922, the government included sources in the reserve. Today, two outdoor pools have been built here one with hot and the other with cool water.