Canadian Park Secret
By the way, almost nothing was told about the local inhabitants of the world of flora and fauna, and this is a big omission that needs to be corrected. At the moment, 1132 plant species have been identified in the park. They serve as the biological basis for the existence of 3 species of reptiles, 6 species of amphibians, 260 species of birds and 62 species of mammals. In addition, the water resources of Glacier inhabit 23 species of fish Canada. In addition to the grizzly bears mentioned above, you can also find here baribal, mountain goats, Canadian lynxes, elks, galleys, dews, and many other species. Their existence cannot be called completely trouble-free human activity of this magnitude does not have a very positive effect on their lives. Problems add and various unforeseen and sad events. Thus, in 2003 there were very strong forest fires, as a result of which almost 13.5% of the entire park was damaged.
But still it can not be perceived clearly bad. Nowadays, the majority of forest fires are considered something absolutely bad for protected areas, but this is a controversial issue. So, if the wood does not burn, then a lot of decaying and dead trees accumulate. When burned, minerals that are necessary canadian for the development of many plants and, accordingly, animals, are quickly “released”. Therefore, the practice of fire management is widely used: those of which man is involved in the creation are eliminated completely. If a fire has arisen due to natural causes, then it is analyzed and actions to eliminate depend on its scale and depending on the degree of danger they pose to buildings and people. Locals from adjacent areas are also attracted to this process. So, fallen and dry trees are trying to quickly remove from the vicinity of human dwellings, and the buildings themselves are trying to do as much as possible fire-resistant. There is also a warning system, thanks to which the park visitors and local residents are promptly notified about the sources of ignition Canada. On average, about 14 fires are recorded per year, during which twenty square kilometers of forest burn out. For comparison, during a fire mentioned earlier in 2003, 550 kilometers of square territory were burned out Canada.
Now let’s talk about inland water resources. The longest, largest and deepest is the previously mentioned lake McDonald. Small lakes can be found, as a rule, in the bowl-shaped depressions of the relief, which were formed as a result of the activity of glaciers. They do not always have the same color. The greatest in this respect stand out Avalanci and Cracker. Their feature is the presence of opaque turquoise water color. Why is it that way? Such an effect arose through glacial drifts. It should be noted that it is impossible to buy in warm water, because the lakes of Glacier are cold their temperature near the surface on a rare day will exceed 10 degrees Celsius.
To the credit of the lakes should be noticed and their surprisingly clear water. True, due to a significant lack of microscopic organic matter, the filtration of a liquid when contaminated into it takes place very slowly. Speaking of inland water resources can not be ignored and waterfalls. In total, there are about 200, but in dry weather, many of them dry up. The height of the highest waterfall is 150 meters Canada.